Soil

When pesticides are used in agriculture, they can break down over time due to exposure to the environment. However, the misuse or overuse of pesticides can degrade soil, causing damage to communities of organisms. Adsorption is the process in which pesticide particles bond to soil particles, with some pesticides such as paraquat and glyphosphate that are more likely to bind tightly. Adsorption causes pesticides to be less potent because the pesticide particles are bonded to soil instead of being consumed by pests and weeds. Pesticides released from soil particles can cause plant injury and can also lead to illegal residues present on produce. Soil degradation caused by misuse of pesticides can lead to devastating effects on the surrounding environment.